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global carbon intensity of crude oil production pdf

Producing, transporting, and refining crude oil into fuels such as gasoline and diesel accounts for ∼15 to 40% of the “well-to-wheels” life-cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of transport fuels (1). Better understanding of crude oil GHG emissions can help to quantify the benefits of alternative fuels and identify the most cost-effective opportunities for oil-sector emissions reductions (2). Use, Smithsonian The ADS is operated by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory under NASA Cooperative and development in OPGEE for conventional oil operations [g CO 2 eq./MJ of crude oil produced]. .48 Producing, transporting, and refining crude oil into fuels such as gasoline and diesel accounts for ∼15 to 40% of the “well-to-wheels” life-cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of transport fuels ([ 1 ][1]). Carbon Intensity of Crude Oil in Europe 1 the International Energy agency (IEa) predicts that global consumption of crude oil will increase 27% over the next two decades, from 83 million barrels per day (mmbbl/d) in 2009 to 105 mmbbl/d in 2030 (IEa, 2009). Emissions shown in the first figure can vary substantially over time (9), but time-series data are generally missing on a global basis and so are not explored here. . . Agreement NNX16AC86A, Is ADS down? . 8. . James Duffy,2 Adam R. Brandt1,† With technical contributions from: Jingfan Wang1, Sylvia Sleep,3 Diana Pacheco,4 Zainab Dashnadi,3 Andrea Orellana,4,? global production with uneven geographical coverage). Astrophysical Observatory. . In the recently published study “Global carbon intensity of crude oil production" (Masnadi et al, Science) the total petroleum well-to-refinery emissions is estimated to be 1,7 Gt CO2 eq, which is 42 per cent higher than the estimations made by the industry and constitute 5 percent of global total emissions. Global carbon intensity of crude oil production. On average, oil production emitted of 10.3 grams of emissions for every megajoule of crude, but nations with the most carbon-intensive practices cranked out emissions at nearly twice that rate. Data from Yeh et al [6]. See SM 3 for exploration of the dif - ferences between our analyses. In December 2018, the OPEC and Russia agreed to jointly reduce crude oil production to put a downward pressure on oil prices and limit the global glut. Emissions in Fig. . . See SM 3 for exploration of the dif-ferences between our analyses. Tacoma, WA, September 27th 2012. Oil Production Greenhouse Gas Emissions Estimator OPGEE v2.0b User guide & Technical documentation Hassan M. El-Houjeiri,1,? Global carbon intensity of crude oil production Journal article, 2018 Producing, transporting, and refining crude oil into fuels such as gasoline and diesel accounts for ∼15 to 40% of the “well-to-wheels” life-cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of transport fuels (1). Brandt (2012). We have previously worked to address the first challenge by developing open-source oil-sector CI modeling tools [OPGEE (7, 8), supplementary materials (SM) 1.1]. 5 California Department of Conservation, 2018 Report of California Oil and Gas Production Statistics. These carbon intensity values are based on oil field data from the year 2015. Producing, transporting, and refining crude oil into fuels such as gasoline and diesel accounts for ∼15 to 40% of the “well-to-wheels” life-cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of transport fuels (1). Value Calculation of 2017 Crude Average Carbon Intensity Value 4 Crude carbon intensity values are from Table 9 of the LCFS regulation . Notice, Smithsonian Terms of Jacob Englander,1 Scott McNally,1,? Producing, transporting, and refining crude oil into fuels such as gasoline and diesel accounts for ∼15 to 40% of the “well-to-wheels” life-cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of transport fuels (1). 1 can vary substantially over time (9), but time-series data are gen-erally missing on a global basis and so are not explored here. Reducing emissions from petroleum production is of particular importance, as current transport fleets are almost entirely dependent on liquid petroleum products, and many uses of petroleum have limited prospects for near-term substitution (e.g., air travel). (or is it just me...), Smithsonian Privacy El-Houjeiri, H.M., A.R. Exploring the variation of GHG emissions from conventional oil production using an engineering-based LCA model. Yet, while regulations are beginning to address petroleum sector GHG emissions (3-5), and private investors are beginning to consider climate-related risk in oil investments (6), such efforts have generally struggled with methodological and data challenges. Here, we address the second challenge by using these tools to model well-to-refinery CI of all major active oil fields globally—and to identify major drivers of these emissions. Low Carbon Fuels Standard. Pembina Institute Measuring oilsands carbon emissions intensity | 2 • Oilsands production data is from the Alberta Environment and Parks Oil Sands Information Portal2 • GHG emissions data comes from the National Inventory Report 2016 published by Environment and Climate Change Canada3 Table 1 reports the emissions intensity from mining and in situ bitumen production for the First, no single method exists for measuring the carbon intensity (CI) of oils. .47 4.6 Land use GHG emissions for 150 year analysis period from field drilling and development in OPGEE for conventional oil operations [g CO 2 eq./MJ of crude oil produced]. global production with uneven geographical coverage). . American Center for Life Cycle Assessment (ACLCA) LCA XII Conference. . Data from Yeh et al [6]. Second, there is a lack of comprehensive geographically rich datasets that would allow evaluation and monitoring of life-cycle emissions from oils. But these emissions vary significantly with source and type of crude and production methods. Overview of attention for article published in Science, August 2018. Mohammad S. Masnadi,1 Kourosh Vafi,1,? Heather MacLean,4 Joule … For the highest intensity crudes, extraction-to-refining constitutes around 40% of the overall carbon footprint, about 50 grams CO 2 per megajoule. Altmetric Badge. This compares to only about 5%, or 4 grams of CO 2 per megajoule, for the lowest intensity crudes. . Global carbon intensity of crude oil production Published in: Science, August 2018 DOI: 10.1126/science.aar6859: Pubmed ID:

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