If children only learn about what is good then they will be able to find the divine nature in themselves. The three forms of storytelling are dramatic, tragedy, and comedy. I chose this topic because it is of interest to me since I am going to work in the field of education. He says, "Next, then, make an image of our nature in its education and want of education" (514a). Most existing stories, Socrates claims, send inappropriate messages and must be outlawed. After all, shadows (or noble lies) capture part of the truth, whether it is physical or moral, and can be used to educate people about what lies beyond the cave, either outside the city's laws or in life after death. Socrates provides numerous cues that signal that the city and the education are neither ideal, nor meant to be actively instituted. As the sun allows our eyes to use their existing capacity to see, the good allows our existing intellect to know. Education would play a major role in deciding who would be in what class. The play which he advocates, however, is not without responsibility. Not only is mathematics useful for practical matters, but its abstractness causes students to exercise their intellect and ask questions about what really is. Guardians are created when the country begins to be too small for it’s inhabitants. There are certain aspects such as censorship and a changing God that I felt a certain way about before I read this book, but now feel differently. He says that philosopher-kings must have a certain nature, but then says the capacity to see the good and be educated is in all. The first part of education focused on the content of literature so the second part must focus on the form. Remember that Socrates had to be persuaded to stay in the Piraeus and talk with Adeimantus and Polemarchus (327-328). Plato feels that stories that would make the Guardians become god-fearing should be eliminated because a Guardian should not fear God. Furthermore, the philosopher-kings education will teach true love of learning and philosophy, as opposed to the false love of learning of the "noble puppies" (376b). According to Plato, individual justice can be obtained when each individual develops his or her ability to the fullest. Quality Education paper writing help. Likening the guardians to philosophical "noble puppies," philosophically educating the guardians by sheltering them, attacking the use of poetry, and telling the guardians that their education and childhood was a dream (414d) are all so implausible that they strike a cord suggesting that the opposite is true. The first account of education, however, is not included in the dialogue without purpose. He lets them be founders, thereby allowing them a vested interest in the discussion. They must be fierce in order to go to war or ward off invasion. Suitable tales must glorify and encourage moderation; they must display obedience to superiors and temperance in drinking, eating, sex (389e), and love of money and possessions (390e). He shows Glaucon what would happen if a prisoner was unchained and allowed to leave the cave and see reality. 504d1) leading toward being. Additionally, tales cannot include displays of laughter (389a). The first account of education can be read in light of this ideal. Changes sometimes have to be made to literature and music in order to produce a noble warrior. Guardian. The wisest would be the philosopher-Kings, then workers, then guardians. Like excessive displays of grief, excessive displays of happiness threaten the stoic attitude that is desirable in guardians. Interestingly, although Socrates includes three of the four main virtues (courage, moderation, and justice) among the important lessons of appropriate tales, wisdom is absent. "The same education which makes a man a good guardian will make a woman a good guardian; for their original nature is the same." The topic of education first arises in the book when Glaucon opposes the plain lifestyle required in Socrates' city. The primary education the Guardians is started after they have been chosen. This means that the Guardian can distinguish the good from the ugly. Proving that he is not against poetry as much as he seemed in the first account of education, Socrates uses the poetic images of the sun, the cave, and Er to educate his pupils. Although music is the most important component in the guardians' education, equilibrium between music and gymnastics is important for the production of moral guardians. Stories of heroes that are to be told should only consist of heroes who hold the same values and characteristics, which the Guardians should have. Through this powerful image of the cave, Socrates shows Glaucon the good and suggests how it is to be obtained. First he would see shadows, then reflections in water, then things themselves, then the night's sky, and finally, the sun--which is an image of the good and what is (516b). Yet in Book VII, when Socrates revises the guardian education for the philosopher city, even this purged music is explicitly and emphatically excluded from the formal plan of education as containing no “learning matter” (mathema, 522a8, 537; cf. Children must be told that the gods are not the cause of all things, only those which are good and just (380c). By hearing such tales, youths will learn the importance of unity and will be disinclined to fight amongst themselves when they are grown. Plato’s education of music, gymnastics, mathematics and dialectics in the Republic helps to ensure that these three components of the soul are in harmony with each other. Because a solely gymnastic education causes savagery and a purely musical education causes softness, the two must be balanced. Latest education news, comment and analysis on schools, colleges, universities, further and higher education and teaching from the Guardian, the world's leading liberal voice As the shadows of his convictions fade, Glaucon begins to see the good and understand that philosophy is a profitable, satisfying activity, as well as the way to enlightenment. After addressing the appropriate content of tales, Socrates discusses whether simple or imitative narrative should be used by poets and guardians. While the dramatic context of the dialogue makes facets of the Republic difficult to grasp, in the case of education, it also provides the key to locating and understanding Socrates' true vision of education. The Greek word for number is arithmos, and it’s the root of our word arithmetic. Plato, the Greek philosopher, considered music special and devotes broadened attention to the subject in his works Republic and in Laws. Interestingly, Plato imitates undesirable individuals as well as good (an imitation that Socrates condemns); however, in keeping with Socratic poetry, the dialogue has an interminably good message and teaches men how to be virtuous philosophers both in life and beyond. (Republic 454d) Thus, Plato maintained that prospective guardians, both male and female, should receive the same education and be assigned to the same vital functions within the society. For the reader, the image of the cave quickly evokes the memory of Socrates' earlier false tales and noble lies, and it is evident that the new education is meant to free the prisoners from their false opinions and convictions, as opposed to chaining them within the cave as did the earlier education. The third principle of literature is the stories of heroes. Dialectics are also to be studied. The third part of education would be music. The importance of knowing what is stands out in sharp contrast to the earlier unfounded opinions of the guardians. We'll have an opportunity to consider his notions about higher education later, but his plan for the elementary education of guardians for the ideal state appears in Book III. Socrates does not advocate a complicated gymnastic regimen; instead, he says that a good soul produces a good body, and that a healthy intellect ensures a healthy body (403d-e). The philosopher's descent into the cave hearkens back the first line of the book, "I went down to the Piraeus yesterday with Glaucon" (327a). The philosopher-kings' education aims beyond the attainment of the four virtues and includes the greatest and most beneficial study: that of "the good" (505a). His guiding principle is that, “Nothing must be admitted in education which does not conduce to the promotion of virtue. I thought about my religion, which is Catholicism, and their view on God holding other forms. Also, because the dialogue is meant to be a defense of philosophy and an apology of Socrates, the education of real philosophers seems more in tune with the theme of the book than the education of "noble-puppy" guardians. Socrates' style of questioning/answering and refuting arguments also gains meaning after his discussion of the philosopher's return to the cave and dialectics.
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